Sheep NN facial recognition technology prototype a world-first

Sheep in a huddle of more sheep looking at camera
Take me to your leader – I am the leader – with Sheep NN facial recognition software about to capture their image, there won’t be any further confusion about which sheep you have in the pen

If you currently know most of your sheep by sight, you now have a back-up with the world’s first sheep facial recognition software expected to be launched in 2020.

The idea is to eliminate the need for costly electronic identification or ear tagging and the prototype swings into action this year after the company behind it received funding from New Zealand’s innovation agency, Callaghan Innovation.

Called Sheep NN, the initial project was created by Dunedin NZ-based artificial intelligence and machine learning company Iris Data Science. Now it has received a $40,000 grant from Callaghan Innovation towards the $100,000 project it will now take the model to a commercial prototype stage.

Greg Peyroux
Iris Data Science co-founder Greg Peyroux

“The goal is to develop a cost-effective and revolutionary sheep re-identification system for farmers using images captured by a bespoke camera rig and processes,” says Iris Data Science co-founder Greg Peyroux.

“Sheep face images are collected and fed into a machine-learning model, which gradually learns to identify sheep by finding recognisable features.”

The project was launched at this year’s MobileTECH event in Rotorua NZ – an annual event showcasing digital technologies for the agricultural, horticultural and forestry sectors – and TEXpo 2019, Techweek NZ’s technology showcase.

Mr Peyroux says the company has already collected thousands of images and hours of high-resolution video footage from farms to create a deep learning identification pipeline that will be further developed in the coming months.

Sheep being hold with two metal plates
Smile for the camera – the next twitter star could be a sheep – now that facial recognition software will be used to capture their image worldwide. China is said to already be very interested in human facial recognition technology and has 170 million sheep to photograph once the Sheep NN is up and running while Australia has around 75 million sheep

“As more farmers move towards management technologies such as digital scales and automatic drafting gates, a reliable low-cost method of identification is essential and we believe we have found a solution with this new cost-effective technology.”

Benoit Auvray
Company co-founder Benoit Auvray

Company co-founder Benoit Auvray says the new funding will assist with overcoming the challenges of applying a deep neural network to detect sheep faces in an image complicated by changing head pose, background and lighting conditions.

“Deep learning methods have superseded computer vision techniques for human facial recognition and have shown promising results for animal identification.

“Sheep identification from images is a complex issue that has not yet been fully researched and is unlikely to be addressed overseas in the near future but has major commercial implications for New Zealand’s agricultural industry.”

Future applications for the technology include tracking animal locations to prevent rustling, monitoring animal behaviour, estimating weight, diseases, welfare, or other characteristics, or estimating parentage without the need to observe lambing or do DNA parentage testing.

The team has also recently begun collecting data and developing similar facial recognition technology for other stock including cattle and goats and expect this will be available shortly after the sheep prototype.

Contact Iris Data Science at www.irisdata.co.nz

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